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Heart Disease & Prevention
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The heart is a muscle, about the size of a fist, whose main job is to pump blood to all parts of the body, bringing needed nutrients and oxygen and delivering waste products to other organs for removal.  The heart has four chambers. The upper two are the atria (the right and the left atrium) and the lower two are the right and left ventricles. These chambers contract in a regular sequence, or rhythm (the heartbeat), and these contractions enable the heart to pump blood.  "Heart disease” is any disease or condition that negatively impacts the heart's function. Common forms of heart disease are congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and arrhythmia. heart disease affects more than 20 million Americans, and family history is not the only risk factor. Heart Disease is one of the most-covered and discussed topics among Second Opinion doctors and patients.

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Coronary Microvascular Disease
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Diabetes Prevention
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Healthy Eating
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Inflammation
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Long QT Syndrome
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Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care
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Heart Replacement
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Cardiac Spouses
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Angina
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Controlling Hypertension
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Reversing Heart Disease
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Sudden Cardiac Arrest
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CPR In America
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Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes
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Preventive Screening
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Featured Experts:

Rose Arp
John Bisognano, M.D.
John Bisognano, M.D.
Otis W. Brawley, MD
Otis W. Brawley, MD
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
Christopher J. Cove, MD
Christopher J. Cove, MD
Nieca Goldberg, M.D.
Kimberly Harmon, MD
Kimberly Harmon, MD
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Noel Bairey Merz, MD
Ryan Nelson, MD
Ryan Nelson, MD

Preventive Screening

More than half a million people die of cancer each year in the U.S., so it’s no wonder we want to do what we can to catch and treat cancer early. For some cancers, we have preventive cancer screenings that are readily available. But who should be screened? Rose Arp has no cancer history, but wants to know from the experts what screenings she should be getting as she turns 50 years old.

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Resources
Resource Description: 
The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association is a national federation of 36 independent, community-based and locally operated Blue Cross® and Blue Shield® companies. The Association owns and manages the Blue Cross and Blue Shield trademarks and names in more than 170 countries and territories around the world. The Association grants licenses to independent companies to use the trademarks and names in exclusive geographic areas.
HHS provides for effective health and human services and fosters advances in medicine, public health, and social services.
Medline Plus
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Conduct an off-site search for Type II Diabetes from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Preventive Screening Panelists

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes

Sudden cardiac arrest is usually caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart, and leads to a sudden loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. Nine out of 10 people who experience sudden cardiac arrest, die from it. Fortunately, star basketball player Mike Papale survived because of the quick reaction of an EMT, who immediately initiated CPR and the chain of survival. Mike and his Mom, Joan, share their story of survival and living through the aftermath of sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes.

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Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. That single purpose drives all we do. The need for our work is beyond question.
SCAF works to raise awareness about prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac arrest, including post-resuscitation care.
SCAA’s mission is to broaden public access to early defibrillation and has expanded its efforts to include public awareness of SCA, its prevention and treatments for those at risk, and advocacy for a wide range of issues related to SCA.
Medline Plus
Medline Description: 

Conduct an off-site search for Sudden Cardiac Arrest from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes Panel

Otis W. Brawley, MD

Chief Medical Officer, American Cancer Society
Author, “How We Do Harm”

Prof., Hematology, Oncology, Medicine & Epidemiology Emory University

Rose Arp

Preventitive Screening Patient

CPR In America

CPR IN AMERICA sets out to do something no television show has ever done—teach as many people as possible the life-saving skill of Hands-Only CPR. 90% of people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests die. Receiving immediate CPR can double or triple a person's chance of survival. But 70% of Americans feel helpless because they don't know CPR or they're afraid of hurting the victim. CPR IN AMERICA aims to change that. You can help make a tangible difference in the cardiac arrest survival rate in your community!

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Resources
Resource Description: 
Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. That single purpose drives all we do. The need for our work is beyond question.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides global leadership for a research, training, and education program to promote the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, and blood diseases and enhance the health of all individuals so that they can live longer and more fulfilling lives.
Our mission is to “raise awareness and support programs that give ‘ordinary’ people the power to save a life.” We work to raise awareness about prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac arrest, including post-resuscitation care.
ASH is the largest organization of hypertension researchers and health care providers in the United States committed to preventing and treating hypertension and its consequences.
The Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) is a leading resource on cardiac pacing and electrophysiology. This specialty organization represents medical, allied health, and science professionals from more than 70 countries who specialize in cardiac rhythm disorders.
CPR in America

Mike Papale

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivor

Mike Papale is a sudden cardiac arrest survivor.  At the age of 17, while working a local basketball camp run by his father, Mike slumped over onto the ground and went into cardiac arrest.  There was no automated external defibrillator on site.  Fortunately a volunteer EMT, Bob Huebner, got the 9-1-1 calls on his pager and came over to the scene to find Mike taking his final breaths.  He immediately began doing CPR and directing the scene, saving Mike’s life.

Joan Papale

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Youth Atheletes panalist

Joan Papale has been very involved in researching and advocating for the awareness of Sudden Cardiac Arrest in youth and athletes since her son Mike’s SCA on August 24, 2006 at 17 years old.  Her first quest was to join the American Heart Association as a volunteer with her son Mike in Wallingford, CT.  Joan immersed herself in studying Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, the genetic condition Mike was diagnosed with.  On January 22, 2007, Joan spoke to the Wallingford Board of Education with a heartfelt request:  AED’s

Kimberly Harmon, MD

UW Medicine
Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and the Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine
Head team physician for Husky football

Dr. Harmon is board certified in Family Practice and has a Certificate of Added Qualification in Sports Medicine. She attended the University of Notre Dame where she was a student athletic trainer and played basketball and went on to attend Indiana University School of Medicine.  She completed her residency at Memorial Family Practice Residency in South Bend, IN and a fellowship in sports medicine at Ball Memorial Hospital in Muncie, IN. 

H. Gilbert Welch MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine
Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice
Author "Less Medicine, More Health"

Dr. Welch is a general internist and professor of Medicine at the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Research in the Geisel School of Medicine.  He is also a professor of Public Policy at Dartmouth College and a professor of Business Administration at the Amos Tuck School.

Julia Schmit

Resuscitated Bob Schmit with CPR

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